Thursday, 1 October 2015

A Short Biography of Mahatma Gandhi

Birth and Parents
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar in Gujrat. His full name was Mohandas Karam chand Gandhi. His father name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother name was Pultibai. Mohandas  was youngest of the three sons of Putlibai and Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhiji was straight and true as steel, known for his steadfastness and loyalty.
His mother Putlibai was a traditional Indian woman, devoted to her home and family, deeply religious and austere. She was illiterate, but her qualities left a deep impression on young Gandhi. Another powerful influence of Gandhi’s early life was seeing King Harishchandra, in the play, suffer for, but finally triumph in, his adherence to Truth.

Mohandas was a good student in his school days but he was shy & no one know that this shy boy can play a major role in India freedom in near future . At school, first the primary at Porbandar, and later the Albert High School, Rajkot, Gandhi showed no particular brilliance, played no games, avoided company. He read little beyond text books, but respected his teacher, though, even at his biding, he would not copy from his neighbour’s answers.
Kasturba and Laxmidas
He married with Kasturba, at the age of only 13, was almost play. But Gandhi began as a jealous and possessive husband; he wanted to make his illiterate wife an ideal one. The other person he was much attached to was his eldest brother Laxmidas. After the death of his father, it was Laxmidas who helped to educate him and sent him to England for legal studies.
In London
After the death of his father he travelled to England to gain a degree in Law. Putlibai wants that Gandhiji lead a chaste and simple life in London. For a while Gandhi was tempted to ape English dress and manners. But soon he returned to simplicity. A vegetarian by tradition he soon became one by conviction, joining and working actively for the London Vegetarian Society. He was called to the Bar in June 1891.On those days,ha also studied Bible & struck by the teachings of Jesus Christ – especially the emphasis on humility and forgiveness. He remained committed to the Bible and Bhagavad Gita throughout his life, though he was critical of aspects of both religions.
Gandhiji in South Africa
After completion of his degree in Law, Gandhi returned to India, where he was soon sent to South Africa to practise law. In 1893, Gandhi went to South Africa to handle a case. But though his legal work was soon over, he remained there for 21 years, fighting for Indian rights and defending indentured labour in low courts against discrimination. In this he was assisted by European staff and associates like Polak and Kallenbach.After spending 21 years in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India in 1915.
Countinue reading.............

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